have a length of 8.5 inches (21.5cm).
During spring and summer the birds are more likely to be resident in
the countryside adjacent to urban conurbation's, however as the weather
turns cooler they move into towns and cities to roost because of the
temperatures being higher. As winter approaches, Starlings tend to migrate
south and west. Some winter in southern Europe and North Africa. Scandinavian
populations winter in the British Isles, hence the increase in population
numbers to many millions and the problems that it brings.
Starlings breed in holes in buildings and trees, and often take over
the holes of woodpeckers. The nests are usually made of straw, rootlets,
lined with feathers, moss or wool and constructed mostly by the female.
The starling usually lays 4-6 eggs which are pale blue. Usually there
is only a single brood per season. The eggs are laid in April or May.
Both male and female share the job of incubation and the eggs usually
hatch after after 12-13 days. The young are fed on insects and their
larvae, molluscs and worms. The young become independent after about
three weeks, after which they start to flock together and start to raid
in other words they eat anything if they are desperate.